A pillar in our consultancy: Cultivation Technique

There is a huge opportunity to increase horticulture and floriculture production by following improved cultivation procedures.
"Plants First" Cultivation Technique is about maximizing production by creating and maintaining best possible growth conditions for the plants and minimum negative effect on the environment.
It makes use of results of scientific research, technologies and innovations. It follows certain procedures of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and Global Good Agricultural Practices (GGAP).
Our cultivation guidelines form the basis for crop management decisions and as a tool for decisions regarding investments in technology, since more control increases the scope for improvements.

In 2001, at the establishment of Bangalore Plants First Pvt. Ltd. we developed a concept for our cultivation guidelines(see foot note) in our technical advice that was rooted in plant physiology and growing conditions. It was specially designed for green houses in sub tropical and tropical climate with facilities and equipment which offer only limited controls.

'Plants First' Cultivation Guidelines

With the plant at the center of our attention and providing the best possible conditions from plant perspective point of view, plants will grow and produce to the maximum possible.
The bottom line is: Stomata open, at least during PAR light. The underlying concept has deeper implications than just following cultural practices, it is a mindset.
Observing of the crop and managing the conditions depends on growers’ awareness, understanding and abilities and the tools (equipment and facilities) on hand.

The three basic aspects of cultivation are the activities and functions of the plants, the environment and inputs.

Plant's Function and Activities Aspects of Environmental Conditions Inputs
Photosynthesis
Trans-evaporation
Respiration
Uptake
Growth
Climate
Relative air humidity
Temperature
Air-circulation and ventilation
PAR light
Soil
Humidity
Nutrient levels
Air
Drainage
Water
Nutrients
CO2

Note: Assuming suitable chemical composition and pH of soil and water

Cultivation technique has several components to be managed:

  • Soil/medium preparation and conditioning
  • Planting
  • Crop Handling
  • Climate Control
  • Pests and Diseases Management
  • Irrigation
  • Fertilization
  • Harvest and Post Harvest

Foot Note: Publiced in former Dutch magazine FlowerTech (Reed) in 2001, vol. 4, no. 6